Fibromyalgia is a syndrome in which the affected person complains of muscular and joint pains that may vary in intensity and duration. This is a chronic condition and it is associated with other symptoms like fatigue, nervousness, anxiety and headaches.
Fibromyalgia is a musculoskeletal disorder. In this disorder the central nervous system of the body changes its response to pain. As a result of this the person’s ability to withstand even the smallest of pain is considerably decreased. This is not something that a person has conscious control over.
The causes of fibromyalgia are not known but experts believe that the onset is triggered by some factors. These factors are events of physical trauma like accidents, emotional stress, bacterial and viral infections or even development of other disorders like hypothyroidism and rheumatoid arthritis.
Some of the characteristic symptoms of fibromyalgia are as follows:
- Intense pain in the joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments
People suffering from fibromyalgia syndrome complain of intense pain in the joints, muscles and the surrounding structures. This pain can often be described as an aching in the bones. Some people complain of a pulling sensation in the ligaments. People affected by this condition often report a worn down feeling as if the joints are overworked. In some cases burning pain may be present in the joints.
The pain varies in intensity in different individuals. The muscle pain is aggravated by hard physical labor and strenuous exercises. Hence these people need to avoid any extreme exercises.
The symptoms may also be aggravated in case of allergic attacks or acute infections like fever, cough and cold.
- Stiffness of the joints
The pain is often associated with the stiffness of joints. The stiffness is usually worse in the morning just after waking up or when the person just gets out of the bed.
- Extreme fatigue
One of the major symptoms of this syndrome is extreme fatigue. Even minimal physical exertion may lead to extreme fatigue and the person usually has to rest for a while before he can resume his other activities. Hence these people should never undertake hard labor which may lead to aggravation of fatigue.
- Tingling sensation in the arms and legs
Some people suffering from fibromyalgia may report a tingling sensation or numbness in the arms and the legs.
- Anxiety and depression may be associated symptoms
Living with ongoing pain and fatigue can also often lead to secondary problems such as anxiety and depression. These symptoms are aggravated by situations involving emotional stress like divorce, death of a loved one and unemployment.
- Migraines and headaches
People suffering from fibromyalgia may also complain of other problems like migraine and headaches. The intense pain and fatigue may lead to difficulty in falling asleep and difficulty in staying asleep for a long time. This may lead to other complaints like migraines and headaches.
- Other associated symptoms
Some people with this syndrome may also have other associated symptoms such as irritable bowel syndrome and cystitis.