Hemorrhoids are defined as the swelling and the inflammation of the veins in the anus and the rectum. In simple terms, hemorrhoids can be described as the varicose veins of the anus and the rectum.
Based on the location of hemorrhoids they are classified as internal, prolapsed and external hemorrhoids.
Internal hemorrhoids are present inside the anus and hence they are not felt by the hand. They are usually painless. When internal hemorrhoids bulge out of the rectum and can be felt by hand then they are called prolapsed hemorrhoids. These usually bleed and are itchy. The most uncomfortable form of hemorrhoids are the external hemorrhoids. They appear as small bleeds under the skin of the anus.
Hemorrhoids are mainly caused by chronic constipation and years of straining at stools. Hence some lifestyle changes go a long way in the management and prevention of hemorrhoids.
These lifestyle changes are as follows:
Drink plenty of water and eat a high fiber diet to prevent hemorrhoids
Doctors recommend drinking at least eight to ten glasses of water every day. Eat at least five servings of vegetables and at least two servings of fruits daily. This provides the necessary dietary fiber needed to relieve the constipation and soften stools. Once the stools become soft and bowel habits become regular the person does not need to strain at stools. This results in fewer incidences of hemorrhoids.
Regular exercise is important in the management of hemorrhoids
Walking is the best exercise according to health care professionals. Hemorrhoids affect people spending long hours at their desk and are aggravated by prolonged sitting which puts pressure on the blood vessels in the anus and rectum. Hence taking regular walks every couple of hours around the office or the home relieves the pressure on the anorectal veins. Walking also relaxes the bowels and helps in easing the constipation.
Avoid eating spicy food to prevent bleeding hemorrhoids
Many people complain of bleeding hemorrhoids especially after the consumption of hot and spicy food. Hot and spicy food causes irritation of the bowel and may in turn aggravate the existing hemorrhoids.Hence avoiding spicy food reduces the instances of bleeding piles.
Avoid lifting heavy weights
Lifting heavy weights puts a huge strain on the veins of the anus and the rectum. In many people affected by hemorrhoids, lifting heavy weights leads to prolapse of the hemorrhoids, causing the bulging veins to hang out of the body. This is an extremely uncomfortable condition that can be easily avoided.
Homeopathic remedies to treat hemorrhoids
There are some external homeopathic remedies for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Hamamelis Virginia is used in the treatment of bleeding piles. Aesculus Hippocastanum or horse chestnut is particularly in effective in prolapsed piles. These medicines should be taken under proper medical supervision and after consulting your naturopath or homeopath.
Topical creams that are applied externally
Topical creams made of natural ingredients are applied externally in order to relieve the itching and the pain associated with the hemorrhoids.