Fibromyalgia syndrome is a chronic condition in which there is disorder of the musculoskeletal system. This condition characterized by intense pain in the muscles, tendons, ligaments, connective tissues and joints along with a range of other associated symptoms. Extreme fatigue and exhaustion are the associated symptoms of this condition.
Causes of fibromyalgia are not yet known. Fibromyalgia is more common in women than in men. It is common in the age group of 35 to 45 years. In a person suffering from fibromyalgia syndrome the central nervous system is affected. As a result of this person’s ability to withstand even the smallest of pain is considerably decreased. Certain factors that trigger the onset of fibromyalgia symptoms have been identified.
These triggering factors probably do not cause fibromyalgia. Some studies indicate that these factors may awaken an underlying physiological abnormality in the affected person.
A list of the triggering factors is as follows:
- Infections may lead to the development of fibromyalgia
Many individuals develop the symptoms of fibromyalgia after an episode of viral or bacterial infections.
- Physical trauma may lead to the onset of fibromyalgia
The onset of fibromyalgia in many individuals has been linked to a history of a major physical trauma as in involvement in an accident causing serious injuries and multiple fractures.
- Fibromyalgia is often an associated symptom or an accompanying symptom of other disorders
Fibromyalgia may develop in association with other disorders like hypothyroidism or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Situations involving emotional trauma may lead to the onset of this condition
Emotional trauma like the death of a loved one, divorce or any major life changing situation, financial stress is also identified as one of the trigger factors in the development of this condition
- Hereditary factors may play a role in the development of fibromyalgia
According to some studies, family history and genetic predisposition may be associated with the onset of this condition in some individuals.
In many individuals the symptoms vary greatly according to the intensity and duration. In some individuals the symptoms may come and go and last for several months. In some cases the symptoms may be present on a daily basis while in others they may be present for several years before they disappear.
Factors that aggravate the existing symptoms of fibromyalgia
In a person suffering from fibromyalgia, the condition may be aggravated by a number of factors. A list of them is as follows:
- Physical stress aggravates the muscular pain and fatigue
Physical stress involving intense physical labor or even strenuous exercise may lead to worsening of the aching pain in the muscles and joints. It also leads to intense fatigue and exhaustion. Hence hard physical labor and strenuous exercises must be avoided.
- Mental stress also leads to worsening of the symptoms
Persons affected by this condition are already under emotional stress related to the illness. Any other emotional stress leads to worsening of the associated symptoms like headache, migraine and sleep disturbances.
- Allergies and infections
Allergies and infections also lead to aggravation of the existing symptoms.