The most common joints that are affected by bursitis are hip, knee, elbow and shoulder. The most common cause of bursitis is repetitive joint movements, over use of joints, injuries and other conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Causes of Hip Bursitis
Hip is the major weight bearing joint of the body. So it can be affected by bursitis due to repeated pressure and overuse. The most common type of hip bursitis is trochanteric bursitis. The trochanteric bursa may be inflamed by a group of muscles or tendons rubbing over the bursa and causing friction against the thigh bone.
Some of the common causes of hip bursitis are mentioned below:
1. Weak hip muscles
When the hip muscles are weak, it puts a strain on the hip joint. This results in inflammation of the bursae.
2. Unequal length of the leg
People can also get bursitis when the body has to change its balance or movement in order to adapt to differences; for example, if a person has one leg that’s longer than the other, or in cases where one leg is injured, as a result of which the other leg is used to bear the weight of the body which results in over use and over pressure on the other leg.
3. Frequent strenuous exercises such as running and cycling
Bursitis can also be caused in case of strenuous exercises such as bicycling and running that put a strain on the hip joint and there is overuse of the hip joint and the surrounding muscles and ligaments. Hip bursitis can also be caused if the bicycle seat is too high.
4. Other diseases such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
Hip bursitis can also occur as a result of other joint disease such as gout, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis that cause inflammation of the joint and the surrounding structures, including the bursae.
Causes of Knee Bursitis
One of the most common types of knee bursitis is known as prepatellar bursitis. In simple terms, it is known as “housemaid’s knee” .This type of bursitis is common in people who have to kneel on their knees frequently in order to perform household chores such as sweeping the floors or scrubbing and washing floors. It is also common in people who are involved in professions such as carpet layers and gardeners.
Causes of Elbow Bursitis
Inflammation of the bursa surrounding the elbow joint may follow a traumatic accident, such as a fall onto the back of the elbow. People who rest their elbows on hard surfaces may aggravate the condition and make the swelling more prominent.
Causes of Shoulder Bursitis
The most common cause of shoulder bursitis is repetitive movements such as swinging a golf club. It can also be caused by trauma to the shoulder joint or suddenly lifting heavy objects such as heavy grocery bag or heavy weights.